On the second part of Day 6 of Creation Week God created man. It is this aspect of Creation that we will focus upon in this lesson, but to do so we must take into account the extra information supplied in Genesis 2. All that has been created until now has been prepared for man. This is why he has been called the 'crowning glory' of God's Creative acts.
Day 6 - The Creation of Man
"And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day" (Genesis 1:26-31).
In previous acts of creation God spoke things into existence, but here we see Him actually creating man Himself. God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness." The question must be asked, "Who is the 'us' in this text?" We really only have three alternatives: -
1. Animals. This is obviously to be rejected since no animal could create another living being.
2. Angels. Scripture teaches us that we are not made in the likeness of angels but in the likeness of God.
3. Trinity. This is the only acceptable and reasonable answer to our question.
God was speaking, in a sense, with Himself; this means that one member of the Godhead was addressing the other two members of the Godhead. There are a number of Scriptures that highlight similar exchanges. For example, "Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and His Spirit, hath sent Me" (Isaiah 48:16) and "Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows" (Psalm 45:7). So the creation of man was a unified act of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Let Us Make Man In Our Image, After Our Likeness
Man would be the highest and most complex of all creatures, even though he would be created out of exactly the same elements as the animals. Nevertheless, man's structure would be very different, both physically and mentally, from that of the animals. Man is made in the 'image' of God not in the image of animals, therefore he did not evolve from them. Man has the divine element not possessed by other creatures. He has an eternal spirit inside him. Only he has moral, spiritual and aesthetic attributes. This also reveals that animal life has nothing of the image or likeness of God about it. Evolution, theistic-evolution and pagan religion is way off the mark on this point.
God made man to function in ways that He functions Himself. He can see, hear, smell, touch and speak. No wonder God has chosen to manifest Himself to the world in a human body! He designed man's body with this in mind. He pronounced "Very good" over creation after He created man, showing that man's body could not be improved upon and thus be the perfect vehicle for the manifestation of His Son (Hebrews 10:5, Philippians 2:7), as well as the times He appeared to man in the Old Testament.
Man's body is designed very differently from all other creatures. He has an erect posture, upward gazing countenance, the ability to use facial expressions that relate to emotional feelings, capable of articulate and symbolic speech, and has a spiritual desire to worship. In fact, we understand that God created man to have fellowship with Him on a spiritual level.
The word 'man' is 'adam' in the Hebrew and is derived from 'adamah' which means 'earth.' It is a generic term for both male and female. Notice in :28 the word "them". This means that Eve was created on the same day as Adam. The first man, Adam, was created out of the dust of the ground … "And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul" (Genesis 2:7). God gave Adam the 'kiss of life' to energise the form He created out of the basic elements of the earth (e.g., nitrogen, oxygen, calcium etc.) This activated his lungs, heart and metabolic functions needed for life. Though animals have 'the breath of life' also, it is important to note the distinction. Animals were energised at a distance through God's spoken word, man, on the other hand, had life directly imparted to him by the Lord God. 1 Corinthians 15:45 says, "The first man Adam was made a living soul …" This reveals the fact that something special happened to him which was not shared with the animals. We know that this can only refer to Adam receiving an eternal spirit, "Formeth the spirit of man within him" (Zechariah 12:1).
"And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; and the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made He a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh" (Genesis 2:21-24).
Eve was not made the same way as Adam. God put Adam into a deep sleep (made him unconscious) and performed the first surgical operation on man. God removed one of Adam's ribs. The sense here must mean that God removed some bone and flesh from Adam's side since she was bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh. Some have said that man has one less rib than a woman, but this is absolute nonsense. Even if God removed one of Adam's ribs, his offspring would have the full amount of bones in their bodies. Amputation is not inherited! Eve was not exactly a clone of Adam, but she did share his bone, flesh and blood. God must have slightly altered her DNA so that variation would result, otherwise everyone would look the same. Adam was to name the woman 'Eve', which means 'the mother of all living' (Genesis 3:20), and not because she was created on the evening of the sixth day! We will look at further information regarding Eve in our lesson on The Garden of Eden.
Point to ponder: Did Adam and Eve have navels?
Adam and Eve were created to work alongside each other in carrying out the divine commission. This commission included procreation, subduing the animals, and cultivating the ground. God placed man as the steward over His creation and thus he had important responsibilities. Caring for the planet is nothing new! Adam was commanded to keep the balance of nature intact. A part of this dominion process would be the naming of the animals (to be discussed later). Adam's food source would be the plant life and as such he was a vegetarian, as were all the animals. It is obvious that this dominion is connected to the marriage relationship between one man and one woman. God ordained marriage of man and woman, and never condones homosexual relationships of any nature.
There is far more to this lesson than we can enter into here. For instance, there is the whole concept of how these verses relate to the Lord Jesus Christ and the Church. Day 6 of Creation Week extends to the planting of the Garden in Eden and the naming of the animals, but we will leave that until our next study.
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