In this lesson we will look at day 4 of the Creation Week. God has created the universe (space) and the earth. The universe is ready to be furnished with planets, and the earth is waiting to receive animals and mankind. As always, we must observe the way God created all things. By doing so we quickly realise that Biblical Creation is very different from the Evolutionary theories promoted by scientists.
"And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. And the evening and the morning were the fourth day" (Genesis 1:14-19).
On the fourth day God created the sun, moon, and stars (planets), this includes every galaxy in the universe. The sun was created to illuminate the earth during the daytime, while the moon, reflecting the sun's light, brightened the night sky along with the stars. There are six purposes for these 'lights':
1. To divide the day from the night. God did not leave us without light even in the darkness.
2. To be for signs. This does not refer to Zodiac or astrological signs, but must be kept in context with the rest of the statement. They could be used as compass points in the same way as sailors use the stars for navigation. Their other use would be for telling the time during the night. Satan corrupted the 'signs' into pagan astrology.
3. For seasons. The position of the planets indicate the seasons Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. God placed the earth on an axis and gave it an egg-shaped course around the sun for this reason. Even though a vapour canopy surrounded the earth, maintaining a warm climate, there were still slight changes in seasonal temperatures. In other words, there's a reason for the season.
4. For days. The days of the week and feast days.
5. For years. Their position would indicate the months of the year. We see with these first five purposes that God gave mankind a natural calendar to live by. Satan turned their use into fortune telling. God invented time for a reason; it points to Christ and His Kingdom, for soon there will no use for time.
6. The most obvious purpose was to bring light upon the earth.
The universe in some way fascinates every human being. They may be astronomers, astrologers, UFO hunters, weather forecasters, astronauts or Sci-Fi enthusiasts, but believers rejoice with David when he said, "The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth His handiwork" (Psalm 19:1).
When were the sun, moon and stars created?
Did you notice that the sun, moon and stars were not created until the fourth day? As we saw earlier, the earth was illuminated by God's own light for the first three day. When God created natural lights He removed His own light. Nevertheless, being created by God, each one holds something of God's power and glory. In some respect the sun is like a charged-up light generator, and that charge came directly from God. Psalm 104:1-3 reveals this concept … "Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, Thou art very great; Thou art clothed with honour and majesty. Who coverest Thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain: Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind." In the New Heaven and New Earth there will be no need for a sun or moon, for John says in Revelation 21:23, "And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof." Also, "And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever" (Revelation 22:5). Theistic-evolutionists and others suggest that the sun, moon and stars were created on day one but that a haze or fog hid them until day four. The Scriptures do not allow for this interpretation, and it cannot be made compatible with evolution in any form. Nor did it take billions of years for the suns rays to reach the earth, for the God who created the sun immediately bathed it with light and heat.
Adoration of heavenly bodies
Many ancient cultures worshipped the sun as a god because it gave its light upon the earth. We see how Satan deceived them into believing that God's light installed in the sun was God Himself, and in doing so "Changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator" (Romans 1:25). God created the sun on the fourth day because He knew that people would worship it rather than Him, but those who honour Him would realise that He is the source of light, therefore the only one to be worshipped.
Psalm 147:4 tells us something amazing …"He telleth the number of the stars; He calleth them all by their names." He knows every star by name. God did not haphazardly throw the planets into position, instead He placed each one in a perfect location, gave it a name and set it on its course. If He knows so much about the stars, we can be certain He knows about us!
The verses dealing with the fourth day of Creation reveal that God placed His stamp of perfection upon it. It was good and could not be improved upon. Has anyone made the created things in the universe better? Once again 'evening and morning' proves a literal twenty-four hour day. "For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is" (Exodus 20:11). Nothing in Scripture indicates a 'Big Bang' or cosmic chaos bringing the universe into existence; instead God is seen calmly speaking them into existence.
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